|Australian Bush Birds|
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|Sulphur-crested Cockatoo - Cacatua galerita|
|Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, with characteristic black beak, black eye and yellow crest, feasting on garden plants at Tamborine, Qld.|
|Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, with crest fully erect, at Coonabarabran, NSW. Individual birds can erect the crest at will.|
The Sulphur Crested Cockatoo - Cacatua galerita - is a noisy white cockatoo with a yellow crest; this fairly large bird reaches 45 to 50 centimetres long. The crest may be erect or folded back - in the photograph above the crest is partly folded. White breast, back, underside and wings; yellow crest and tinted yellow on underside of wings and tail. Head is white with dark grey to black bill.
Lives in diverse habitats ranging from high rainfall forests (eucalypt, rainforest, coastal mangroves) to semi-arid inland regions, watercourse trees and partly cleared farmland. Sulphur-crested cockatoos are sedentary, common to abundant. Sometimes known as the White Cockatoo.
|Sulphur-crested Cockatoo - page 2|
In southern Australia Sulphur-crested Cockatoos form large flocks which roost and seek midday shelter on tree-lined watercourses; the flocks fly out to open country to feed on the ground. In the tropics, flocks are small and birds are more likely to feed on seeds, berries and flowers of trees and shrubs.
There are two races:-
Race galerita, living in the eastern states, including Tasmania, and in south-east South Australia, has a yellow tint over the ears.
Race fitzroy, living in the Kimberley and Top End, lack yellow ear covers but has a bluish ring around the eye.
The call is made up of loud, unpleasant screeches; usually very loud.
|Left: Sulphur-crested Cockatoo in a tree at Narrandera, NSW|
Right: Sulphur-crested Cockatoo feeding on grass at Coonabarabran, NSW