|Brown Honeyeater - page 2|
Females and males are similar in appearance, males are significantly larger. 110 to 150 millimetres. Immature birds are generally the same as adults but are yellower brown above and yellow-cream below.
The Brown Honeyeater is a strong singer.
Found across tropical Australia and down the east and west coasts. On the east coast down to the Hunter Valley in NSW. Lives in thickets, shrubbery, pockets of scrub, rainforest edges and mangrove fringes. Primarily feeds on nectar using the long curved beak which is well adapted to reach into long flowers; while doing so the bird is pollinated by the flower and carries that pollen to the next flower. They converge on profusely blossoming trees, particularly paperbarks and mangroves, to feed on flowers at all levels from crown to ground. Males sing from branches to advertise feeding territory but are often then chased away by larger honeyeaters. When flowers are not available Brown Honeyeaters eat insects, catching them among foliage and in midair after short flights from trees.
Breeds from June to January in solitary pairs occupying much the same nesting territory year after year. Only the female builds the nest; a cup of bark strips, grass, down and wool, bound with cobwebs and lined with down and hair. Slung in foliage or fronds less than 2 metres above ground, often over water.
Eggs, two, matt white, freckled faint brown, mostly at the large end; swollen oval, about 17 by 13 millimetres. Incubated by the female alone for about 14 days; young fledge in about 14 days. Male keeps watch on a nearby branch and sings in defence of the nest.