Male Blackbirds - Turdus merula - have entirely black plumage. Eye ring is narrow and deep yellow. Bill deep orange-yellow. Large, strong legs and feet. Females have mid grey-brown upper surface, darker on wings and tail; under parts are light grey-brown mottled darker. Bill is dull brownish-white.
Lives in forests and woodlands, roadside and watercourse vegetation, parks and gardens. Mostly forages on the ground, probing and raking in litter, soil and lawns.
Introduced at Melbourne in 1850 to 1860 and later in Adelaide and has spread across most of south-east Australia. Native to Europe, North Africa and southern Asia. Unlike other introduced species, the blackbird has moved into natural bushland habitats in addition to built-up areas and settled land. A pest species in orchards, vineyards and market gardens.
Found in south-east Australia, including Tasmania. The photograph above was taken at Port Lincoln in South Australia.
Abundant, introduced species.