The matrix of domination or matrix of oppression is a sociological paradigm that explains issues of oppression that deal with race , class , and gender , which, though recognized as different social classifications, are all interconnected. Other forms of classification, such as sexual orientation , religion , or age , apply to this theory as well. Characteristics such as race, age, and sex, may affect an individual in extremely different ways, in such simple cases as varying geography, socioeconomic status, or simply throughout time. How one is able to interact, what social groups one is in, and the networks one establishes is all based on different interconnected classifications. Though Collins' main focus of the theory of the matrix of domination was applied to African-American women , there are many other examples that can be used to illustrate the theory.
The Matrix of Domination and the Four Domains of Power
Intersectionality - Definition and Discussion
Jennifer Wilber works as an ESL instructor, substitute teacher, and freelance writer. She holds a B. The Matrix of Domination model of oppression recognizes that oppression based on different characteristics such as gender, race, and social class are interconnected. The rise of identity politics, such as feminism and the LGBT movement are rooted in marginalized groups fighting back against identity-based oppression and domination. Hill Collins originally applied her Matrix of Domination model to African American women, but this idea can be easily applied to every other marginalized group that faces oppression.
Principle: Examine Power
Although few period of mobilization for the feminist cause existed prior to the s, those causes were primarily around issues of suffrage and employment. Contemporary feminist writers like Patricia Hill Collins and Lemert hall drew their ideas from the works of early sociological theorists, most particularly Marx, Engels, and Freud. Collins for instance, reworks their ideas of these writers by analyzing gender differences, inequality and oppression. For example, Collins Matrix of Domination gave us path-breaking and deep theoretical understanding of African-American women and portrays them self-reliant individuals confronting race, gender and class oppression.
Intersectionality refers to the simultaneous experience of categorical and hierarchical classifications including but not limited to race , class , gender , sexuality, and nationality. It also refers to the fact that what is often perceived as disparate forms of oppression, like racism , classism, sexism , and xenophobia , are actually mutually dependent and intersecting in nature, and together they compose a unified system of oppression. Sociologist Patricia Hill Collins developed and explained the concept of intersectionality in her groundbreaking book, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment , published in Today intersectionality is a mainstay concept of critical race studies , feminist studies , queer studies, the sociology of globalization , and a critical sociological approach, generally speaking. In addition to race, class, gender, sexuality, and nationality, many of today's sociologists also include categories like age, religion, culture, ethnicity, ability, body type, and even looks in their intersectional approach.