Dysphagia : is a Greek word for disordered swallowing. Dysphagia due to conditions affecting the oral phase of swallow:. Dysphagia caused by disorders affecting Pharyngeal phase of swallow:. Oesophageal pH monitoring - reflux oesophagitis. Dietary modification: This plays an important role in oropharyngeal dysphagia.
Significance of Nonrespiratory Airflow During Swallowing
High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC): Does it increase dysphagia & aspiration risk? - Dysphagia Cafe
Martin B. Brodsky, David H. McFarland, Thomas S. Boyd Gillespie, Terry A. Unstable respiratory-swallowing coordination has been associated with disorders and disease. The goals of this study were 1 to describe respiratory-swallow patterns in patients with dysphagia consequent to treatments for cancers of the oropharynx and 2 to determine the association between respiratory-swallow patterns, airway invasion, and overall severity of swallowing impairment.
Distinguishing the Normal Aging Swallow from Dysphagia
The purpose of this study was to determine if individuals with Parkinson's disease PD demonstrate abnormal respiratory events when swallowing thin liquids. In addition, this study sought to define associations between respiratory events, swallowing apnea duration, and penetration-aspiration P-A scale scores. Thirty-nine individuals with PD were administered ten trials of a 5-ml thin liquid bolus. P-A scale score quantified the presence of penetration and aspiration during the swallowing of a 3-oz sequential bolus.
Feeding tubes are used frequently for individuals who cannot take oral nutrition safely or who cannot maintain their nutrition and hydration needs. Nasogastric tubes are the most frequently used alternative means of nutrition, although orogastric feeding tubes may be used for some patients such as those who have suffered facial trauma. Although nasogastric tubes do not cross the oral cavity, they do traverse the pharynx and esophagus, and whether their presence increases aspiration risk is often a concern for clinicians. There are a number of studies that have examined the effects of various tubes in the oropharynx and esophagus on aspiration status in individuals with normal swallowing function and those who are risk for dysphagia.