AIDS results in a gradual and persistent decline and failure of the immune system, resulting in heightened risk of life-threatening infection and cancers. In the majority of cases, HIV is a sexually-transmitted infection. However, HIV can also be transmitted from a mother to her child, during pregnancy or childbirth, or through breastfeeding. Non-sexual transmission can also occur through the sharing of injection equipment such as needles. The Global Burden of Disease is a major global study on the causes of death and disease published in the medical journal The Lancet. In some countries, this share was much higher.
UN: Sub-Saharan Africa AIDS deaths could double due to COVID-19
UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Pandemic
Background With the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy ART services in sub-Saharan Africa there is growing recognition of the importance of fertility and childbearing among HIV-infected women. However there are few data on whether ART initiation influences pregnancy rates. Standardized forms were used to collect sociodemographic and clinical data, including incident pregnancies. Overall incident pregnancies were observed among the 4, women included in this analysis pregnancy incidence, 7. The rate of new pregnancies was significantly higher among women receiving ART 9.
Gender Equality And HIV/AIDS
Added to that, the sheer remoteness of some communities and the lack of trained health workers to properly administer the drugs and provide education about the virus have proved to be major obstacles in curtailing the spread of AIDS, which is now the leading cause of death in Africa. According to the World Bank, more than 60 percent of all people infected with HIV live in the region, despite the fact that it's home to only 10 percent of the world's overall population. The site is rich in resource tools and the latest study reports, and provides a contact registry for people working in the field. Medicins Sans Frontieres MSF The internationally recognized humanitarian aid organization provides emergency medical assistance in more than 70 countries.
Research for this piece was conducted during the summer of At the end of , over 3 million people had been displaced across the continent as war refugees. And in most African countries, expensive AIDS medication and treatment are simply not affordable or accessible to most people.